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[RESCHEDULED] Who Governs the Sea? Ways Toward Future Forms of Governance
- Yves Henocque (IFREMER (Institute for the Sustainable Development of the Sea) Maritime Strategy Senior Advisor, JAMSTEC (Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology) Guest Researcher and OPRF (Ocean Policy Research Foundation) Visiting Fellow)
[This is the rescheduled event which was cancelled on Feb. 14, 2014 due to weather condition.]
Humankind is dependent on the seas, their ecosystem and their biological diversity –for food, energy generation, medical products, tourism, climate-regulating functions and the oceans’ absorption of CO². The oceans account for 70% of the earth surface and because they are deep, for 98% of the earth living space.
For a long time humanity thought of the sea as something inexhaustible but today changes caused by humans are accumulating and conservation and sustainable use of the oceans are urgently required.
Contrary to humans on land, neither bacteria, fish, currents, or tsunami waves, respect international borders. Humankind should manage the sea in the common interest of humanity rather than divide it between owners. Realizing that the sea is a global commons (res communis) rather than unclaimed assets (res nullus) is a must for the international community thirty years after the establishment of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) which set up the regulatory framework of nations’ Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and defined international waters beyond the EEZs as the ‘common heritage of mankind’.
IFREMER (Institute for the Sustainable Development of the Sea) Maritime Strategy Senior Advisor, JAMSTEC (Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology) Guest Researcher and OPRF (Ocean Policy Research Foundation) Visiting Fellow