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Russia as part of Europe or apart from Europe?
- Alexander Likhotal (Professor at the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations, Former President of Green Cross International & Visiting Professor of Chubu University. Mr. Likhotal served the Head of the European Security Desk in the International Department of)
Professor at the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations, Former President of Green Cross International & Visiting Professor of Chubu University. Mr. Likhotal served the Head of the European Security Desk in the International Department of
After completing a PhD in Political Science and History from the Moscow Institute of International Relations (1972), Alexander Likhotal started his academic career as a lecturer at the Moscow State Institute for International Affairs. He later became a senior research fellow at the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR. In 1988, Alexander served as Vice-Rector and Professor of Political Science and International Relations at the Diplomatic Academy.
During the time of Mikhail Gorbachev’s perestroika, already being a recognized expert in European security, Alexander became the Head of the European security desk at the International Department of the Central Committee for the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (top Soviet foreign policy co-ordination body). He later became Head of the Consultants Group, an adviser/speechwriter unit working directly for Soviet leadership.
In 1991, Alexander was appointed Deputy Spokesman and Adviser to the President of the USSR. He remained with President Gorbachev (after his resignation) as his adviser and spokesman and worked at the Gorbachev Foundation as the International and Media Director.
Alexander joined Green Cross International in 1996, serving first as Vice President and then as President. He retired as President of Green Cross International in 2016 and is now a Professor at the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations.
Alexander has been a visiting professor at Northeastern University, Boston, USA (1996-1998), Research Associate at the Institute of European Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow (1992-1997), and Associate Editor of the Security Dialogue Journal, Oslo, Norway (1994-2000). He is a member of the Club of Rome, a councillor at the World Future Council, an adviser to the Club of Madrid, and was elected in 2014 to the Board of Trustees of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina.