International Baccalaureate Category 3 Topical Seminar

This two and a half day seminar consists of five workshops that provide a forum for experienced educators to build on and enhance their professional development portfolios in Japanese literature. Participants will engage in an in-depth investigation into specific areas of interest and expertise. To that end, the following three genres are introduced and covered by the literature experts: (1) contemporary prose fiction—Murakami Haruki, (2) poetry—Yosano Akiko and other poets, (3) prose non-fiction in Japanese—Okakukra Tenshin. In addition, the seminar introduces linguistic approaches to literary texts so that participants will learn how to apply analytical tools to unknown texts for text analysis.

August 9-11, 2010 (Monday-Wednesday / 2.5 days)
Intended Participants
IB teachers in Japanese A, who have native level or near-native level Japanese language skills.
Language of Instruction
Temple University, Japan Campus in Tokyo
Azabu Hall Room 207 (Access)
Fee & Deadline
Fee: 50,000 yen
Deadline: July 26, 2010 (JST)

*The fee includes tea/coffee, refreshments and lunch for three days.
*Registration and payment must be completed by the date specified.
Registration Closed
Ms. Ryoko Osada ( / +81-3-5441-9800)

Seminar Content

Day 1: August 9th

Session 1: Overview (9:00-12:10)
This opening session presents an overview of the workshop and explains and discusses how to bridge the gap between "theory" and "practice in a classroom" so that participants will be able to utilize the updated expert knowledge of literature they learn in the IB curriculum. It is imperative for IB teachers to be constantly updated on new theories and approaches in literature. To do so, they are required to explore new possibilities and new selections to introduce to their students. This opening session allows participants to see the relevance and importance of their professional growth in relation to their classroom practice, and gives them the opportunity to share their opinions and concerns regarding their professional development. Furthermore, the session takes participants to an overview of the upcoming revisions in Language A Literature and Language & Literature in order to facilitate a smooth transition for IB teachers, which partly calls for the necessity of this two and a half day workshop.

Ms. Machiko Naito

Session 2: Okakura Tenshin (13:30-16:40)
This session looks at the formation of national cultural identity in modern Japan by examining The Ideals of the East (1904) by Okakura Kakuzō (Tenshin). Okakura played a seminal role in constructing the modern discourse and institutions of "fine arts" (bijutsu) during the Meiji period, from the establishment of national museums, the national treasure system, national art academy, to the very idea of "Japanese art" itself. Originally written in English in India, The Ideals was the first single-authored history of Japanese art that was written by a Japanese intellectual. Despite its now canonical status as a "classic" text on Japanese art and aesthetics, a complex, even contradictory, set of ideas and historical circumstances shaped the production and subsequent receptions of The Ideals. This session will address this complexity through a discussion of modern Japanese cultural nationalism, pan-Asianism, imperialism, Orientalism, Eurocentrism, and the problem of translation.

Dr. Noriko Murai
Recommended Reading:
岡倉天心 『東洋の理想』 (講談社学術文庫) 1986年

Day 2: August 10th

Session 3: Yoshimoto Banana (9:00-12:10)
The main focus of this session is to introduce cognitive linguistic approaches and analytical tools to analyze literary texts and demonstrate how Yoshimoto Banana's texts ("Kitchen" and "Lizard—a collection of short stories") can be read and deciphered. Linguistic elements—both textual and contextual—are used in order to create a narrative construal and to bring out certain effects on the readers. The session presents a brief overview of useful analytical tools—the Labovian narrative structure analysis (a macro-structure analysis) and grounding theory and deixis (a micro-structure analysis), and shows how "Kitchen" and other short stories can be analyzed. With those analytical tools, participants will be analyzing Yoshimoto's short stories to understand a narrative construal from the reader's as well as narrator's perspective. Linguistic approaches help participants connect the narrative structures and literary effects on the readers.

Dr. Nobuko Koyama
Recommended Reading:
吉本ばなな 『キッチン』 (福武文庫) 1991、1997年
————  『とかげ』 (新潮文庫) 1993年

Session 4: Murakami Haruki (13:30-16:40)
This session connects critical reading in the socio-cultural context and the contemporary literary texts, and focuses mostly on Murakami's earlier texts ("Listen to the Song of the Wind" "Pinball in 1973" "Wild Sheep Chase" "Dance Dance Dance" "Wind-up Bird Chronicle"). In the course of workshop, a brief lecture on most recent texts ("Kafka on the Beach" "1Q84") will be also given. Murakami Haruki is unquestionably one of the most important writers in our times, and his texts are manifestations of his ambivalent attitude and perspective toward the language use (Japanese and English), the US-Japan relations and other contemporary issues and problems. The session helps participants understand how a reader should "read" Murakami's texts critically in relation to the contemporary issues, and explains what critical reading means in reading Murakami's texts.

Dr. Makiko Otomo
Recommended Reading:
村上春樹 『ねじまき鳥クロニクル 第1部~3部』 (新潮文庫) 1997年
————  『風の歌を聴け』 (講談社) 2004年
————  『1973年のピンボール』 (講談社) 2004年
————  『羊をめぐる冒険 上・下』 (講談社) 2004年
————  『ダンスダンスダンス』 (講談社) 2004年
————  『海辺のカフカ 上・下』 (新潮文庫) 2005年
————  『1Q84 1・2・3』 (新潮社) 2009年、2010年

Day 3: August 11th

Session 5: Poetry (9:00-12:10)
This session will focus on poetics of modern Japanese poetry, using Yosano Akiko's Midaregami as the launching point of discussion. Yosano Akiko, unarguably one of the most influential women writers in Japanese literary history, "rejected" her first collection of poems as having written during the "lying period" later on in her life, calling these poems "a mere imitation". Yet, the importance of Midaregami for its revolutionary usage of language as well as its significance in Japanese poetry cannot be denied. In this session, we will examine courtly poetry (selected poems from Manyoshu, Kokinwakashu, and Shinkokinwakashu) and its influence in creation of Yosano's poems, the poetics of waka (with special emphasis on tanka) and most importantly, close reading of poems in Midaregami with heavy emphasis on prosody and poetic diction. Throughout the session, we will touch upon works of poets and prose writers such as Murasaki Shikibu, Sei sho Nagon, Matsuo Basho, Ishikawa Takuboku, Yosano Tekkan, Takamura Kotaro, and Tawara Machi.

Professor Mariko Nagai
Recommended Reading:
与謝野 晶子 『みだれ髪 』 (新潮文庫) 1999年


Workshop Leader

Ms. Machiko Naito has more than 20 years of IB teaching experience in Japanese A1, A2, B and ab initio. Since becoming a workshop leader in 2003, she has led many workshops for Japanese A2, Japanese B, Language B, Language ab initio in Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, Malaysia and Japan. Since 2006, she has been involved in the Group 1 and 2 Curriculum Review to develop new Groups 1 and 2 Guides. She became an IB Japanese examiner in 1991, and in 2007 she was appointed to be the Examiner Responsible for Japanese A2. Ms. Naito currently works at The American School in Japan as a Japanese Curriculum Facilitator.

Other Presenters

Professor Mariko Nagai is an Assistant Professor of creative writing and Japanese literature at Temple University, Japan Campus (TUJ), where she also directs the undergraduate writing programs. She is a graduate of the New York University master's program in creative writing (poetry), where she was the Erich Maria Remarque Fellow. She has received fellowships from the Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center, Yaddo, UNESCO-Aschberg Bursaries for the Arts, Akademie Schloss Solitude-Stuttgart, Hawthornden, among others. Her writing and translation have appeared in literary journals in the US and Europe, and she received Pushcart Prizes both in poetry (1998) and fiction (2001). Histories of Bodies: Poems, the winner of the 2005 Benjamin Saltman Award, was published by Red Hen Press in 2007, and Georgic: Stories, the winner of the 2009 G.S. Sharat Chandra Prize for Short Fiction, is forthcoming in 2009 and will be published by BkMk Press of University of Missouri Press. Her current research is a nonfiction book on the life and death of her maternal grandfather, who died in Papua New Guinea during World War II, interwoven with meditation on the nature of war, soldiering, molding of the collective narrative and memory, atrocities, and propaganda. She is also working on translation of Yosano Akiko's poetry and prose.

Dr. Nobuko Koyama is an Assistant Professor of Japanese and Coordinator of Japanese/Critical Languages Program at TUJ since 2006. Before joining TUJ, she taught Japanese, sociolinguistics, and contrastive linguistics in Taiwan for five years. She is a linguist specializing in discourse analysis and cognitive linguistics while she's actively engaged in language education. Her research interests range from Japanese language learners' narrative production to discourse analysis of Banana Yoshimoto's literary works. In discourse analysis, she applies cognitive linguistic approaches to literary texts to delve into a narrative construal. Her approach—a composite framework of grounding and deixis—is an analytical tool to examine both the textual and contextual, and the macro- and micro-structure of a literary text.

Dr. Makiko Otomo specializes in two areas—Japanese modern and contemporary literature, and Japanese language pedagogy. In literature, her primary interest lies in Haruki Murakami's literary works. Murakami, as one of the contemporary post-war generation writers, has a very ambivalent attitude and perspective toward Japanese language and literature. Her doctoral dissertation has examined Murakami's literary works from his debut up to 90's and discussed in detail how each text should be read in relation to our contemporary issues and problems. She particularly focused on how the following issues are treated or manifested in Murakami's texts—the relationship between 80's excessive consumerism and cultural identity of the Japanese, the US-Japan relations in the post-war era from a politico-ideological perspective, and 90's heated debate on historical interpretations of the past. Her interest and expertise in literature were well utilized and incorporated into Japanese pedagogy during her five-year tenure as assistant professor at a Taiwanese university. While she taught Japanese at all levels at undergraduate, she opened up seminars on Japanese modern and contemporary literature at graduate school.

Dr. Noriko Murai is an Assistant Professor at TUJ, who specializes in modern art with a focus on Japan. Her areas of interest include the reception of Japanese art and aesthetics in the West, the role of gender in cross-cultural representations, and the participation of women in the formation of modern visual culture. Her current research examines the history of modern ikebana and especially the role of women in this popular cultural practice. She also continues her research on the turn of the twentieth-century American perceptions of Japanese art and culture, which is derived from her doctoral dissertation on the American career of the Meiji art historian and critic Okakura Kakuzo (Tenshin).


Day 1

Session 1: Welcome & Introduction, Overview
Session 2: Okakura Tenshin

Day 2

Session 3: Yoshimoto Banana
Session 4: Murakami Haruki

Day 3

Session 5: Poetry
Workshop Closes. Ceritificate Awarding Ceremony

During each session, there are a few short breaks (5-10 minutes each).

Total number of sessions: 5
Total number of instructional hours: 15


TUJ House

Temple University, Japan Campus (TUJ), has limited number of dormitory rooms available for workshop participants in TUJ House at very reasonable price (first come, first served). If you wish to stay in TUJ House, please indicate in the online application form (registration closed).

6,000 yen per room per night
Single occupancy. No meal is included.

Nearby Hotels (for reference only)

Entry Visa Information

Detailed information about Visa requirements can be found on the Japanese government Immigration Bureau homepage below.

Application Procedures

To register for the seminar, please submit the online application form (registration closed).
Upon successful completion of the online application, applicants will receive a confirmation e-mail from TUJ. Please follow the instructions in the e-mail to complete your payment.

Payment and Cancellation Policy

Payment Policy
Payment should be made within 14 days upon receipt of the confirmation e-mail.

Cancellation Policy
Cancellation received before 14 days prior to the event start date will receive the full refund.
Cancellation received within 14 days prior to the event start date will be charged the full registration fee.